Arthritis is a condition characterized by pain, swelling, , swelling, and decreased range of motion at the joints. Symptoms can be transient or chronic, varying in intensity from mild to severe. Symptoms may remain the same for long intervals or get worse as time continues. Severe arthritis can cause and make the victim incapable of performing daily activities.

Arthritis

It can even cause physical changes in the joints (e.g., knobbiness in finger joints). Although some kinds of arthritis can affect different areas of the body apart from the joints, most arthritis affects the joints. The two most common forms of arthritis are degenerative arthritis (osteoarthritis) and inflammatory arthritis (rheumatoid). Osteoarthritis, the most common form of arthritis, is a type of degenerative arthritis that causes the breakdown of the at a .

The ribs, the cushioning on the ends of bones where they meet at a joint, wears away thereby causing pain, swelling, and stiffness. Additionally, the bones in the joint are rubbing against each other, which causes additional difficulty. As time continues, the arthritic joints may shed strength and cause chronic pain. The risk factors for osteoarthritis include excess weight, family history, older age, and previous injury to the joint or into the ligaments, tendons, and bones in the vicinity of the joint. It’s interesting to note that, according to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, damaging a joint raises a person’s likelihood of developing arthritis seven days.

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You can manage your mild to moderate osteoarthritis symptoms by keeping a healthy weight, getting adequate rest, strengthening the muscles around your joints together with routine physical activity, using hot and cold treatments, taking pain relievers or OTC medicines, and seeing a professional for assistance with your particular condition. Rheumatoid arthritis and psoriatic arthritis are both types of inflammatory arthritis. Rheumatoid arthritis is an that initially attacks the synovium, or the lining of joints.

The synovium lines the interior of the joint that’s not yet lined with the cartilage. The job of our immune system is to protect our bodies from infection and . The way it tries to eliminate infection and protect against disease is by creating internal inflammation.

Immune system

However, the immune system can occasionally go off kilter by attacking the joints with uncontrolled inflammation, which may result in joint erosion and might even damage internal organs and other areas of the body such as the eyes. Genetics and environmental factors are believed to trigger autoimmune responses. For instance, smoking is an environmental risk factor that could trigger rheumatoid arthritis in people with genes predisposed to it. With inflammatory forms of arthritis, early identification and aggressive treatment is a must.

The objective of treatment is to decrease pain, improve function, and prevent further joint damage. The use of one or more drugs called disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) is often the treatment for this sort of arthritis with the ultimate aim being remission of this disease. Despite the fact that arthritis treatments are determined by the sort of arthritis someone has, they focus on the reduction of arthritis symptoms, which then reduce pain and enhancing the quality of life. However, in the event of severe symptoms, where no other remedies have relieved the pain or enhanced the individual’s wellbeing, joint replacement may be necessary.

It has been used for centuries in Traditional Chinese Medicine () for treating many different medical conditions. The benefit that acupuncture has pain drugs is its lack of serious side effects. There’s scientific evidence that demonstrates how acupuncture provides pain relief. One of those ways acupuncture provides pain relief would be to stimulate the release of pain-fighting endorphins and enkephalins. Additionally, the insertion of an acupuncture needle creates cortisol, which is a that helps control inflammation.