Despite important breakthroughs in medicine and health over the last few decades there are still many long-standing unknowns from the health care community. While there are lots of sicknesses doctors can cure with a pen and a prescription pad, you will find even more that still stump the experts, confuse the people and rage on uncontested.
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This very odd disorder has victims complaining of an extreme crawling or stinging sensations on their skin, fibrous strands protruding from open wounds, and persistent skin lesions. Patients also have reported formication (the sensation of insects crawling under the skin), musculoskeletal pain, disabling fatigue and obsessive-compulsive disease.
Although it was categorized as “Morgellons” in 2002, many physicians regard Morgellons as a manifestation of different diseases like delusional parasitosis resulting in a widespread debate about the nature of this disease. Many physicians refute the assertion that Morgellons is a genuine disorder and attribute symptoms to psychological problems or a confluence of other skin ailments. An analysis of strands of fiber obtained from some patients’ open sores show no biological organisms found adding fuel to the debate on the etiology of this disease.
It is usually associated with debilitating disorders characterized by continuous fatigue no matter exertion which can’t be relieved by rest. Symptoms may include joint and muscle pain, cognitive difficulties, depression, poor immune reaction, and severe mental and physical fatigue. For unknown reasons, CFS occurs most frequently in people in their 40s and 50s and in more women than men.
Many patients don’t completely recover from CFS even with therapy and lab testing isn’t used for direct identification. While there’s absolutely not any doubt about the health, happiness and productivity prices from CFS, there’s been little attempt to develop a unified nomenclature and etiologic hypothesis and therapy, Commonly called Mad Cow Disease
(CJD) is a wider neurological disorder that’s quick-acting, incurable and potentially fatal. CJD is a sort of prion disease (a little abnormal protein) is progressively destroys brain and nerve cells. A CJD prion boosts misfolded proteins that can’t digest and disrupts cell function in a self-sustaining feedback loop. This causes its symptoms of dementia, memory loss, personality changes, speech impairment, myoclonus, ataxia, and seizures.
Clinical testing has ever been a problem as identification has primarily been based on clinical and physical evaluation of symptoms. As a prion disease, experts expect that studying these conditions could aid in study towards cancer, melanoma, and lymphoma. A
mong the most vexing mental disorders, schizophrenia blurs the distinction between reality and fantasy that could render the individual handicapped. Symptoms include delusion, hallucinations, paranoia, disorganized speech, and a lack of emotions. Diagnosis depends on the individual’s subjective and self-reported experiences and observed behaviour as there are no laboratory tests available.
The hypothesized causes differ from genetic, prenatal, societal and ecological factors People with schizophrenia are likely to have additional comorbid conditions such as depression and stress while the average life expectancy is 10 to 12 years less than people without. Current psychiatric research is concentrated on the use of neurobiology however no natural cause was discovered. Some believe that schizophrenia doesn’t signify a single disorder but instead a variety of discrete syndromes.
There are at least 80 known autoimmune disorders including Lupus, multiple sclerosis, type 1 diabetes, and celiac disease in addition to the numerous other immune-system-related illness. With these disorders, the immune system works on its own body as starts to see muscles, joints, organs and tissues as enemies affecting whole bodily systems. Since the immune system is so complicated, the cause isn’t easy to identify while others think it is dormant within genes and may be triggered by certain things.
With 23.5 million changed in the U.S. U.S. and top ten cause of death of women under 65. An accurate diagnosis is difficult as there are a lot of kinds of this disease ranging across many unique specializations and disciplines. Among the more bizarre ailments, people with Pica have an insatiable desire to consume non-nutritive substances such as dirt, paper, glue, and clay or food ingredients such as flour, salt and starch.
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Although more prevalent in children aged 1-6 (10-32% incidence ), Pica does influence adults particularly pregnant women and people with developmental disabilities. The hazards of Pica come from ingesting harmful substances like lead, feces and gas in addition to the increased risk for stomach ripping. Many believe that Pica results from deficiencies in minerals like zinc and iron while others put it on the obsessive-compulsive spectrum. Though incurable, Pica can obviously vanish by itself over time however it can persist during the adult years, particularly when coinciding with developmental disorders.
The Avian Flu, also called Avian Influenza A or H5N1, is a really deadly and infectious disease that comes from an assortment of viruses found in birds. Nearly 60 percent of people who contract the Avian Flu die from the disease irrespective of their age and health status. Many experts have been warning the pandemic potential of this Avian Flu through it’s still unclear whether human-to-human transmission is possible.
The flu has killed millions of poultry worldwide and there are fears that species-specific viruses will swap genetic material to make a virulent and deadly influenza strain for people. As of late 2009, 262 people have died from the Avian Flu in 12 countries based particularly in Asia and Eastern Europe. The frequent cold, responsible for 30-50percent of adult colds, is the most frequent infectious disease for individuals with an estimated one billion cases annually in North America alone.
It’s a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory system caused chiefly by rhinoviruses and coronaviruses that may last anywhere from a few days to a couple of weeks. The symptoms – sore throat, runny nose, and fever – appear relatively harmless however its incidence has inflicted a enormous cost to society. Efforts to develop a vaccine against the common cold are ineffective because colds are made by a large selection of rapidly mutating viruses which makes the effective creation of a broadly effective vaccine highly unlikely.
A degenerative brain disease, slowly destroys a person’s ability to memorize, understand, make conclusions, and communicate. As Alzheimer’s progresses, patients may experience a change in character and increased anxiety, agitation, and delusion in addition to a far greater risk for dementia. As many as 5.3 million Americans live with Alzheimer’s and it’s the seventh-leading cause of death in america (Source: Alzheimer’s Association).
Those with Alzheimer’s often have more developed “plaques” and “tangles” in their brains that obstruct communication among nerve cells and disrupt normal cell functioning. These plaques and tangles typically start in the regions of the brain that are important to learning and memory and spread from there. While there’s no cure, scientists wish to understand the disease better to be able to do a better job of preventing its onset or treating it in the first stages.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome has devastated society since the early 1980s, especially in developing nations, reaching pandemic status with an estimated 33.2 million people living with AIDS worldwide. In 2008, 2 million people worldwide died from AIDS with three-quarters of the coming from Africa. AIDS is caused by a Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) that gradually wears down the immune system. As the immune system deteriorates, it is less able to fight viruses, fungi, and bacteria which are deemed non-serious for those without HIV. These are called”opportunistic infections” such as pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) and Kaposi’s syndrome and indicate the existence of AIDS. Although there’s no vaccine or cure available, antiretroviral treatment has been able to slow down and control the disease no matter how the remedy is often too costly and inaccessible to the majority of the people infected. Currently, the focus was put on cost-effective prevention and encouraging safe-sex and safe needle exchanges.