According to epidemiologists, 33 million adults worldwide are affected with HIV/AIDS. Another 2.6 million children are affected with the malattia and about 16 million children are orphaned because their parents or guardians died because of AIDS. The World Health Organization (WHO) has categorized HIV/AIDS as an epidemic that must be eradicated for human survival.
Tenere in mente
An enormous quantity of HIV/AIDS research is presently being conducted with scientists looking at all angles and chances for a cure in addition to a vaccine. One area of special interest is inherent immunity and HIV. Understanding how the body responds to the disease in its early stages is vital for creating a vaccine that will protect against infezione. Traditionally, vaccines work by introducing a weak form of a virus into the body to stimulate an immune reaction.
Through this interaction, the body learns how to destroy the disease. This gives the sistema immunitario using the resources it needs to fight off disease from similar pathogens. For example, someone who receives the influenza vaccine will develop the antibodies necessary to ruin the influenza virus if they become infected with it at a later date. Studies into innate immunity and HIV aim to locate a way to activate a similar response in the body with no individual becoming infected with HIV.
It’s been discovered the body does include some inherent barriers that prevent HIV infection. For instance, HIV is mainly transmitted through heterosexual activity. The genitals contain both physical barriers like low pH and epithelial integrity in addition to secreted elements that work against disease and transmission of the illness. However, the body also contains factors that increase the propagation of the disease once infection has occurred.
It’s been found that little semen cationic peptides known as SEVI intensifies HIV disease when placed under conditions like those found in sexual transmission. These are the sorts of things that have to be accounted for when studying innate immunity and HIV for hints on creating a vaccine. As important as this study is in the battle against AIDS it’s very tricky to study.
This is because the immune responses associated with disease are only active for up to seven days after infection. Therefore, fast identification of the newly infected is significant and somewhat tough to do. Another thing which negatively impacts the analysis of innate immunity and HIV is the disease’s ability to mutate to avoid detection by the immune system. Despite these struggles, organic research is still done and hopefully will lead to a breakthrough in the struggle against HIV/AIDS.