In 1975, a nurse named Allan Walker reported that a startling link between formula-fed babies and the incidence of infectious diseases like neonatal meningitis and food allergies. In that report, he suggested the link was a result of antigen absorption through the intestinal walls, which breastfeeding babies for the first few months of vita would stop this absorption and reduce their susceptibility to disease.
He reasoned that the passive immunità offered by colostrum and breast milk may play an significant role in protecting babies from disease and disease by blocking the passage of germs and toxins through the intestinal walls and into the blood vessels. Dr. Walker’s report pioneered decades of further study, and we now know he was right. Colostrum and breast milk do far more than supply nutritional support.
They also provide developmental support that’s essential for the maturation of the gastrointestinal tract, and immunological support that’s very important for the continued growth and strengthening of their immune system. Colostrum is the first milk offered to breastfeeding newborns during the first couple of days of life. This special milk is yellow to orange in colour, thick and rather tacky, and very easily digested.
Prendere in considerazione
It’s richer in proteins compared to adult breast milk–both supplements for use in the body, and non-nutritional proteins which remain in the gut to assist in its close to pathogens and toxins. Infants who get colostrum early and frequently have mature digestive tracts which are more robust throughout their first six months of life, and strong immune systems which are better able to resist disease and disease. Colostrum is the best source of nutrition for babies, providing them with the nutrients needed to ensure proper growth and the evolution of the brain and nervous system. Colostrum changes slowly to mature milk during the first two weeks after arrival.
During this transition period, the breast milk will get thinner in its thinner and consistency in its look. The concentrazione of antibodies in the transition milk will start to decrease, while its overall volume will start to increase. The antibodies and other immune factors in older human breast milk don’t disappear completely; in actuality, immunological protection against germs and bacteria is still passed along from the mother to the infant as long as the infant continues breastfeeding.
Like colostrum, breast milk is the best source of nutrition for babies, and tailor-made to their changing needs over time. It comprises an optimal balance of carbohydrates, protein, and fat for energy, and it supplies the digestive enzymes, vitamins, minerals, and hormones for a baby’s optimum health and continued growth. Most commercially prepared formulas are based on non-fat bovine milk, whey protein, or soy protein.
Queste formule devono essere fortificate con carboidrati, grassi, vitamine e minerali affinché corrispondano al nutriente contenuto del colostro e del latte materno. Ma gli anticorpi attivi e altri fattori immunitari nel colostro umano e nel latte materno non possono essere aggiunti a queste formule, e non possono fornire la stessa stimolazione dello sviluppo o protezione immunologica. A causa di questo, i bambini che ricevono fluidi oltre al colostro/latte materno per i primi 3 giorni di vita hanno una maggiore incidenza di diarrea durante i loro primi sei mesi, e i bambini nutriti con formula sono più inclini a diverse infezioni comuni a cui sono particolarmente vulnerabili.