There are various skin disorders like eczema, psoriasis, and lichen sclerosus. Additionally there are auto-immune ailments including alopecia areata, vitiligo, lichen planus and mycosis fungoides. For better understanding the characteristics of the skin diseases please read forward.
- Eczema that is a kind of dermatitis or inflammation of the outer layer of skin. These include dryness and recurring skin rashes that are characterized by one or more symptoms such as redness, swelling, itching and dryness, crusting, flaking, blistering cracking, oozing or bleeding.
- Psoriasis is an auto immune maladie that appears on the skin. It happens when the immune system mistakes the skin tissues as a pathogen, and sends out faulty signals that accelerate the growth cycle of skin cells. Psoriasis isn’t contagious but it’s been associated with an increased risk of stroke.
- Lichen Sclerosus (LS) also called “Lichen sclerosus et atrophicus” is a disorder of unknown cause that leads to white spots on the skin, which can lead to scarring on and about genital skin.
- Alopecia Areata is a condition wherein it includes the hair loss in one or more round spots on the scalp. Typical first signs of alopecia areata are little bald spots. The underlying skin is unscarred and seems superficially normal. These stains can take many shapes, but are usually round or oblong. Alopecia areata most often affects the scalp and beard, but may occur on any hair-bearing portion of the body. With this skin condition it’s common that skin regions can display baldness and re-growth at precisely the identical time. The disease may go into remission for a time, or indefinitely.
- Vitiligo is a skin condition that causes depigmentation of segments of skin. It normally occurs when melanocytes, the cells that are responsible for skin pigmentation, die or can’t work properly. The cause of vitiligo remains unknown, but research indicates it could be a result of auto immune, genetic, cognitive stress, viral and circulatory causes.
- Lichen Planus is a chronic mucocutaneous disorder that may affect the skin, tongue, and oral mucosa. This disease presents itself in the form of papules, lesions, or rashes but Lichen planus doesn’t necessarily involve lichens, the fungus or algae symbionts which often grow on tree trunks. The commonly refers to the dry and undulating,”lichen-like” look of affected skin and it is also associated with specific medications and ailments but the underlying pathology is now unknown up to now.
- Mycosis fungoides also referred to as Alibert-Bazin syndrome or granuloma fungoides, is the most common type of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. It generally affects the skin, but may progress internally over time. The disease, however, isn’t a fungal infection but instead a sort of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. It was so named because Alibert explained the skin tumors of a serious case as with a mushroom-like look.