Psoriasis is a piel disorder that’s caused as a result of overactive operation of certain white blood cells known as T-Cells that are controlled by the body’s immune system. Psoriasis has a lot of sub types based on the part of body it affects and the seriousness of the enfermedad and for every sub-type there are various signs and symptoms.
However, in general there are some common signs and symptoms of all of the sub groups of Psoriasis. Most frequently, psoriasis is recognized by formation of thick scaly skin or smaller bumps in the skin that are covered by layers of dead skin.
- The lumps are often itchy but scraping away at the scales or lumps only cause abrasions.
- Patches of skin turn shiny or silvery in appearance and may also have scales. Scratching the scales leads to cracked bleeding.
- Extreme itching on the affected skin area, especially on scalp or in the groin region.
- Reddish, smooth and glowing skin caused because of extreme exposure to sunlight or other skin injuries such as cuts, bites or burns.
- Formation of plaques because of continuing piling of dead skin cells.
- Formation of lesions, either large or small.
- Fungal infection within the nails. The affected region tends to get worse due to mental stress or injury.
- Plaque psoriasis – The most frequent form of Psoriasis which leads to red, scaly and thick skin, usually occurring on knees or elbows.
- Guttate Psoriasis – Symptoms consist of miniature pink lesions less than 1 centimetre in diameter.
- Psoriasis Arthritis – It affects the joints, particularly the palms and causes inflammation and pain in motion.
- Inverse Psoriasis – This sort of psoriasis occurs just as reddish shiny patch of skin in folds of skin such as armpits and groin.
- Scalp Psoriasis – Formation of scales on extreme and scalp baldness characterize this type.
- Nail Psoriasis – Psoriasis which leads to deformation and discolouration of nails.
Usually a skin biopsy is recommended prior to diagnosis, particularly if the disease seems to be guttate or inverse psoriasis. It involves taking a skin sample and analyzing it under a microscope to spot piling up of T-Cells that’s the origin of the disease. Increased risk of other diseases linked to immune system such as celiac disease. Diseases or infections associated with the kidney.