En 1975, un enfermero llamado Allan Walker informó de una sorprendente relación entre los bebés alimentados con leche artificial y la incidencia de enfermedades infecciosas como la meningitis neonatal y las alergias alimentarias. En ese informe, sugirió que el vínculo era resultado de la absorción de antígenos a través de las paredes intestinales, que amamantar a los bebés durante los primeros meses de vida detendría esta absorción y reduciría su susceptibilidad a las enfermedades.

Sistema inmunitario

Razonó que la inmunidad pasiva ofrecida por and breast may play an significant role in protecting babies from disease and disease by blocking the passage of germs and toxins through the intestinal walls and into the blood vessels. Dr. Walker’s report pioneered decades of further study, and we now know he was right. Colostrum and breast milk do far more than supply nutritional support.

They also provide developmental support that’s essential for the maturation of the , and immunological support that’s very important for the continued growth and strengthening of their immune system. Colostrum is the first milk offered to breastfeeding newborns during the first couple of days of life. This special milk is yellow to in colour, thick and rather tacky, and very easily digested.

Tenga en cuenta

It’s richer in proteins compared to adult breast milk–both supplements for use in the body, and non-nutritional proteins which remain in the gut to assist in its close to pathogens and toxins. Infants who get colostrum early and frequently have mature digestive tracts which are more robust throughout their first six months of life, and strong immune systems which are better able to resist disease and disease. Colostrum is the best source of nutrition for babies, providing them with the nutrients needed to ensure proper growth and the evolution of the brain and . El calostro se transforma lentamente en leche madura durante las dos primeras semanas tras su llegada.

Durante este periodo de transición, la leche materna se volverá más fina en su espesor y más consistente en su aspecto. La concentración de anticuerpos en la leche de transición empezará a disminuir, mientras que su volumen general empezará a aumentar. Los anticuerpos y otros factores inmunitarios de la leche materna humana de más edad no desaparecen por completo; en realidad, la protección inmunológica contra los gérmenes y las bacterias se sigue transmitiendo de la madre al lactante mientras éste continúe con la lactancia.

Nota final

Al igual que el calostro, la leche materna es la mejor fuente de nutrición para los bebés, y se adapta a sus necesidades cambiantes a lo largo del tiempo. Comprende un equilibrio óptimo de hidratos de carbono, , and fat for energy, and it supplies the digestive enzymes, vitamins, minerals, and hormones for a baby’s optimum health and continued growth. Most commercially prepared formulas are based on non-fat bovine milk, whey protein, or soy protein.

These formulas must be fortified with carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals in order for them to match the content of colostrum and breast milk. But the active antibodies and other immune factors within human colostrum and breast milk can’t be added to those formulas, and they can’t provide the identical developmental stimulation or immunological protection. Because of this, babies receiving fluids aside from mother’s colostrum/breast milk for first 3 days of life have an increased incidence of diarrhea during their first six months, and formula-fed babies are more prone to many different common infections to which they’re particularly vulnerable.